Cardiovascular and pulmonary rehabilitation physiotherapists treat a wide variety of patients with cardiopulmonary disorders or those who have had cardiac or pulmonary surgery. Primary goals of this specialty include increasing patient endurance and functional independence. Manual therapy is utilized in this field to assist in clearing lung secretions experienced in patients with cystic fibrosis. Patients with disorders including heart attacks, post coronary bypass surgery, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and pulmonary fibrosis are only a few examples of those who would benefit from cardiovascular and pulmonary specialized physiotherapists.
2.MPT(Obstetrics and Gynacology)
A physiotherapist with specialization in Obstetrics and Gynecology works for the health and fitness of women. They work in a team along with the gynecologist throughout the all stages of pregnancy aiming at a normal delivery and also taking into account the health and fitness of the women after delivery. They have an important role during the delivery in reducing the patient’s pain and promoting relaxation. Strengthening and toning of the pelvic muscles and abdominal muscles along with general fitness exercises done under guidance of qualified post graduate physiotherapist brings the women back to her shape and strengths even after multiple pregnancies.
Neurological physiotherapy is a discipline focused on working with individuals who have a neurological disorder or disease. These include Alzheimer's disease, ALS, brain injury, cerebral palsy, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, spinal cord injury, and stroke. Common problems of patients with neurological disorders include paralysis, vision impairment, poor balance, inability to ambulate, and loss of functional independence. Qualified post graduate physiotherapists work with patients to improve these areas of dysfunction.
Orthopedic physiotherapists diagnose, manage, and treat disorders and injuries of the musculoskeletal system as well as rehabilitate patients after orthopedic surgery. This specialty of physiotherapy is most often found in the out-patient clinical setting. Orthopedic therapists are trained in the treatment of post operative joints, acute sports injuries, arthritis, and amputations. Joint mobilizations, strength training, hot/cold packs, and electrical stimulation, cryotherapy, iontophoresis, electrotherapy are modalities often used to expedite recovery in the orthopedic setting. Additionally, an emerging treatment in this field is the use of sonography to guide treatments like muscle retraining. Those who have suffered injury or disease affecting the muscles, bones, ligaments, or tendons of the body will benefit from assessment by a physiotherapist specialized in orthopedics.
Qualified Sports physiotherapists help sportsmen and sportswomen to reach peak performance and advise them on injury prevention and recovery from injuries. Sports physiotherapists work with top-level performers, amateurs or people who take part in sport as a leisure activity. The work would include:
- Examining and diagnosing injuries
- Planning treatment programmes
- Using treatments such as manipulation, massage, heat treatment, therapeutic exercise, electrotherapy, ultrasound, acupuncture and hydrotherapy
- Advising on timescales for returning to sport after injury
- Keeping full records of your patients' treatment and progress.
They can also work as fitness experts in different settings like five star hotels and health gyms, sports clubs, spa, health resorts etc. Admission in these courses is on merit basis and personal interview of the candidate.